People living in the shadow of the Mossmorran chemical plant pledged to put its operators in the dock amid fears about the impact on their health.
A petition is to be launched calling for Shell and ExxonMobil to be brought before a Scottish Parliament committee.
Recent prolonged flaring and thick plumes of black smoke reignited worries about pollution, noise and vibration from Fife Ethylene Plant, near Cowdenbeath.
Around 120 people from communities including Lochgelly, Cardenden, Benarty and Auchtertool attended a public meeting called by the newly-formed Mossmorran Action Group.
They spoke of feeling afraid in their homes as walls shook and losing sleep due to the noise and light, which could be seen from miles around.